Prosecution of Japan's War Responsibility

One of the inevitable ordeals for Japan to really end the war that it had initiated would be to fully acknowledge what it had done in the international civil society. Meanwhile in Japan there is a resurfacing nationalism that refuses to accept this history. Therefore there are persistent movements to research the historical facts, prosecute the crimes, and support the victims to help them recover from their (psychological) wounds.

Center for Research and Documentation on Japan's War Responsibility says: gThe Center for Research and Documentation on Japan's War Responsibility (JWRC) was established in April 1993. We are dedicated to fulfilling Japan's responsibility to Asians victimized by Japan during WWII. The JWRC is supported by its membership of individuals, who range from historians, legal experts, and writers to conscientious citizens. Since the JWRC was established, it has been publishing Kikan Senso Sekinin Kenkyu (Quarterly Journal: "Study on War Responsibility"), in which certain study results are made public. One remarkable achievement of JWRC was the outcome of its investigation of the "Comfort Women" issue. This was submitted to the Japanese Government in 1993, and as a direct consequence the government was forced to admit for the first time that these women, who suffered at Japanese military Comfort Stations, were coerced into sexual slavery.h

The Association to Clarify the Post-War Responsibility of Japan supports the surviving families of Korean war victims. It reports the on-going lawsuits against Japan. It has an English section.

Get the Fact of Asian-Pacific War calls itself a civic organization; the majority of the members did not experience the war, but feel themselves responsible.

Chuki-ren i’†‹A˜Ajis a group of people who were sent to China as soldiers, and now share the feeling of guilt about what they had done to Chinese people.

Research Center of the History of Poison Island @i“ΕƒKƒX“‡—πŽjŒ€‹†Šjis an institute that investigates the history of Japan's prewar military facility for producing poisonous gases in a small island in Hiroshima Prefecture. It was functional between 1923 and 1945 (until Japan's surrender). Not only the people who worked there during the war but also those who worked after the war (for aftercare) have been suffering from disorders and the aftereffects of the poisons. Inaugurated in 1996, this research center has been working for researches and preservation of the historical evidences.

Committee to Distribute the Film, Shinryaku [Invasion] iN—ͺjorganizes the presentation of the video footage of the documents of Japan's atrocities in China, especially of the famous Nanjing Massacre. These presentations are especially crucial today when the revisionism of history has been resurfacing. It also forms a broader coalition of anti-war movement.

60 years since Nanjing Massacre is the site exclusively for the Nanjing Massacre.

Nanjing Massacre Information offers information for those who are consistently against the historical revisionism.

Demand of Japan's Compensation for the 731 Unit's Bio-warfare is a group that supports Chinese people's lawsuit against Japan in 1997 and 1999, for Japan's bio-warfare in China in 1940. It reports on the progress of the trial.

The Bones Prosecute iœ‚͍”­‚·‚ιjis a group that seeks to preserve the bones discovered from a former military hospital laboratory in Toyama in Shinjuku Ward, Tokyo. It considers the bones as potential evidence for Japan's war crimes. It is fighting against the municipal government of Shinjuku Ward which is trying to incinerate them.

Research Center for the Fact of Abduction by Japanese Army i‹­§˜As’²Έƒlƒbƒgƒ[ƒNjis a network of regional organizations that query Japan's compulsive abduction of Chinese and Koreans in order to make them slave-workers in mines and heavy industries before and during the war; there is also evidence that some of the workers were massacred by Japanese companies when the war was over to destroy the evidence.

Total Clarification of Japan's Abduction of Asian People is the homepage of Ida Minoru. It enlists number of workers in different mines.

Trial against Nippon Steel Corporation's Forced Labor reveals the company's deeds before and during the war. The point is that the company is one of many companies still in powerful business without admitting their crimes.

Forced labor in Hokkaido talks about the history of forced labor for the Uryu dam and Yubari coal mine in Hokkaido.

Two Korean Workers Massacred by Japanese in Kimoto, Mie Prefecture analyzes the specific incident, employing various documents.

National Communication Center for Chinese and Korean Abduction and Forced Labor is an assembly of citizens' organizations that seeks to excavate the historical facts of the affair.

Support the trial of the Korean Atomic Bomb Victims against Mitsubishi in Hiroshima is a group that supports the lawsuit of Koreans who were forced to work for Mitsubishi and hit by the bomb. The pages in Hangul are to be up.

Trial of Nishimatsu Construction's Abduction of Chinese Workers supports the Chinese people's lawsuit against Nishimatsu Construction Company.

Comfort Women Issue i]ŒRˆΤˆΐ•wj

War and Genderiν‘ˆ‚Ɛ«jis a magazine that reports on the violence committed against women by the state. The issue of comfort women is one of the main themes of the magazine. For instance, its concern is that Japan should compensate the victims while they are alive. It is published from Tokyo: Editorial Room of War and Gender.

Matsushiro Imperial Headquarters and The Comfort Place is a historical site, underground caves in three hills near Nagano City, to which Imperial Japan had a plan to move the imperial headquarters. It would include Imperial Palace, Government Offices, and Japan Broadcasting Company. Finally the construction site had Korean workers some of whom were forced to come and work, as well as the comfort place where Korean women were forced to serve.

Half Moon Castle Report i”ΌŒŽι’ʐMjis a site by a resident Korean who writes passionately about the history of Koreans in Japan, including the history of comfort women and so on. Its perspective goes back to the ancient times.

Korean Council for the Women Drafted as Military Sexual Slaves by Japan is a Korean site about the issue. It is mainly in Hangul and English. One can read rich materials about the affair.

Frequently Asked Questions on Comfort Women

Asian Women's Fund is a foundation that supports the former comfort women and other suffering women in Asia. The chairman is the former Prime Minister of Japan, Tomiichi Murayama.

VAWW-NET Japan is the acronym of Violence Against Women in War?Network Japan. It says:

gWhat Are the Objectives of VAWW-NET Japan?
1. We call for the restoration of honor and justice for women victimized by Japan's military sexual slavery before & during WWII, and for the Japanese government to fulfill its war and post-war responsibilities;
2. As a result of sexual violence around the U.S. military bases, we ask for the removal of US military bases from Okinawa and other parts of Japan;
3. We share information on violence against women in current armed conflicts throughout the world and work in solidarity to prevent such violence.h

Taiwan Comfort Women Legal Support Group contains important private notes and the records of the trials against Japan.

KJ-Box is Shinichi Harada's homepage. It involves documents concerning Japan's postwar compensation and comfort women.

Support Group for a Resident Korean Comfort Woman, Shindo So.

The Historical Museum of Comfort Women in The House of Sharing, Nanum.

The house of Nanum is where former comfort women live together; it has a museum.