Support Groups for the Arrested

Kyuen Center (救援センター)[Support Center] was established in 1969, by a group of lawyers who supported a large number of activists arrested during the turmoil of Japan's postwar history. The center itself sustains a genuine counter-power stance. It holds two principles: (1) it considers state power's violation of human rights of one person as a violation of human rights toward the whole people; (2) against state power's oppression, it supports the oppressed regardless of their belief and political ideology. The representative is Yasumochi Kiyoshi.
http://kyuen.infoseek.livedoor.com/


Japan Prisoners Union website (統一獄中者組合)is a very well organized information center for understanding the situations which prisoners are facing in all prisons in Japan. It considers US and Japan as backward countries in terms of human rights. It consists of in-prison members and out-prison secretaries.
http://www.kangoku.org/backnumber.phtml

Center for Prisoners' Rights (監獄人権センター)observes the situations of prisoners across Japan, from the vantage point of the international standard of human rights. It fights against all illegal treatment of prisoners. It seeks to abolish the death penalty. It supports prisoners' return to social life after release.
http://www.jca.ax.apc.org/cpr/seturitu.html#D3

A Society for Prison Reform (刑事立法研究会)is an organization that deals with the penal law in the context of the real situation of prisons.
http://www.law.ryukoku.ac.jp/~ishizuka/

Forum 90 seeks to establish an international treaty to abolish the death penalty the world over. It contains an English section that explains the situation vis-a-vis the death penalty in Japan:
http://www.jca.ax.apc.org/stopshikei/epamph/dpinjapan_e.html.
The web site is:
http://www.jca.ax.apc.org/stop-shikei/index.html.

Soba no kai (そばの会)means “The Neighbor Group.” Or the full name means “The Neighbor Group that Thinks of Death Penalty near Tokyo Prison.” This group is active near the Tokyo Prison. Its main goal is to abolish the death penalty.
http://share.dip.jp/soba/


Anti-Emperor, Anti-National Flag

Anti-emperor movement and the support of day-workers' and homeless areas (Sanya, Kotobuki, Kamagasaki, and sasajima) were the two crucial fronts that post-New Left radicals preserved and developed during the 80s and 90s. They continue to be pivotal in Japan.

Information about Han-ten-ren(反天連)is necessary.


Punch The Anti-Emperor System Movement (反天皇制運動パンチ)
is a web magazine of the movement that queries the Emperor's war responsibility and the Emperor system itself.
http://www02.so-net.ne.jp/~hanten/punch.html

Anti-Hinokimi Net (反ひのきみネット) protests against the legalization and normalization of the national flag (hinomaru-日の丸) and national anthem (kimigayo-君が代). This group sees various new laws--the legalization of interception of private communication, the new regulation of immigration control, the duty of foreigners to register, and so on--as a return of nationalism.
http://www1.jca.apc.org/anti-hinokimi/Jindex.htm

The Group for Legal Action against the Prime Minister Koizumu's Visit to Yasukuni Shrine (靖国参拝違憲訴訟の会). Yasukuni Shrine is not an historically existent shrine; it was made in 1879 for glorifying the dead Japanese soldiers of all times, including those who fought for the aggression of Asia. Therefore, the prime minister as well as all those who are in the public position should not visit Yasukuni Shrine as public figures. Doing it automatically approves Japan's war against Asia. This is why all Asian nations have been sensitive to the event.
http://homepage3.nifty.com/seikyobunri/

Regional Anti-development Movements
(地域反開発)

Since the Sunakwa Us Field Hospital Struggle (the peak was from the mid to late 1950s) and the Narita Airport Struggle (the peak was from the mid 1960s to the early 80s), state's compulsive expropriation of land has been one of the focuses of oppositional movements.

Weekly Sanrizuka (週刊三里塚)is the organ of Anti-Narita Air Port Alliance, Kitahara faction, associated with Chukaku-ha.


Stop the Construction of Temporary Runways in Sanrizuka (三里塚、暫定滑走路工事の中止を!)is a pamphlet of Anti-Narita Air Port Alliance, Atsuta faction, associated with The Fourth International.

We don't need the airport in Shizuoka
http://kuukouno.hp.infoseek.co.jp/

Stop the Construction of Shizuoka Airport
http://www2.tokai.or.jp/j-touhyou/

Anti-Osaka Olympic
http://www.interq.or.jp/osaka/xgorin/index2.html
English
http://www.interq.or.jp/osaka/xgorin/index-e.htm

Grow Green in Ashio. Ashio is known for its peasants' struggle against Furukawa Industry for the mining pollution of Watarase river. The site is made by a group that researches the history and seeks to revive green in the area.
http://www.takatechnical.co.jp/asio/

Against Ariake Landfill is the site of a group objecting to the landfill project of Ariake in Tokyo Bay.
http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~et3n-hsk/mancyouhou/ariake/

Civic Acts

JCA-NET is for “Empowering citizen's activities through the Internet for peace, social & environmental justice, and human dignity.” It “dedicate(s) its efforts to providing networking tools for NGOs and social movements, working closely with AsiaLink (http://www.apc.org/english/), an Asian-wide NGO information & e-mail network and is also a member node of the Association for Progressive Communications (APC Networks) in Japan (since October, 1998).”
http://www.jca.apc.org/
English page
http://www.jca.apc.org/index-en.html

Act is a magazine for civic acts. Its editorial policy is: (1) to report/introduce various civic movements; (2) to report citizen's participations into policy making; (3) to support ‘citizen-centric' congressmen of various regions.
http://www.jca.apc.org/act/

Anti-Juki Net (反住基ネット)is against the new law to make an inventory of all citizens in a governmental cyber database. Various civic groups have been protesting against the legislation and the execution.
http://www1.jca.apc.org/juki85/index0.html

Citizen's Network against the Private Information Protection Law (個人情報保護法案に反対する市民ネットワーク)tackles the new law that, despite the name, really seeks to regulate the freedom of private speech and media reports. This is one of the focal points of today's civil acts in Japan.
http://wsf.miri.ne.jp/cntlinfo/


Reject the Private Information Protection law! The goal is the same as the above. It includes celebrities' manifestos.
http://www.interq.or.jp/japan/s9d/

No Tax League (拒税同盟)is the site of an individual, Yo Mizuki, who believes in the lawful refusal of paying taxes. It includes various informative documents concerning taxes.
http://webshincho.com/kyozei/index.html

Say No to Tokyo Major exclusively protests Shintaro Ishihara's outrageous acts and comments about various things. It tackles his authenticity as a mayor from various aspects.
http://comcom.jca.apc.org/gounotori/
English
http://comcom.jca.apc.org/gounotori/


Midorikawa Institute for Social Problems
http://www.geocities.co.jp/WallStreet-Bull/1704/

Toda Hisayoshi's Homepage
http://www.ne.jp/asahi/hige-toda/kadoma/

Shomu-kei Seiji Seiryoku (諸無系政治勢力研究会)
http://www.geocities.co.jp/Milkyway-Vega/6529/houmatu.html

Constitution

Article 9 of the postwar constitution made Japan permanently abandon the right to military action. Since then, there has always been a strong revisionist tendency to amend the constitution to make Japan a ‘normal'--read ‘armed'--nation.

Don't Allow Undesirable Amendment to the Constitution is a citizen's coalition that protests against the clear tendency of the ruling class to amend the constitution, especially of article 9.
http://www4.vc-net.ne.jp/~kenpou/

Citizen's Purveyance Center aims at watching the tendency to amend the constitution in all the lawmaking movements in the nation.
http://homepage1.nifty.com/kenpou/

Constitution Issues is a website that connects citizens and the specialists of the constitution. It closely observes the trend of the Constitution Research Group of both Houses(憲法調査会).
http://www.jca.apc.org/~kenpoweb/

The Article 9 Alliance (9条連) (See the section of Anti-war, Peace Movements)
http://9joren.net/

Anti-Information Control
(情報統制)

Anti-Surveillance in Internet(ネットワーク反監視プロジェクト)
protests the new law (盗聴法)--passed in 1999--that allows police to do wiretapping of private telephone, and struggles for protecting privacy and human rights in the internet.
http://www.jca.apc.org/privacy/

Ombudsman Network is a citizen's group that seeks to survey government, enterprises, mass media, and judicature. This has a nation wide network.
http://www.st.rim.or.jp/~jhattori/

Information Clearinghouse Japan is an organization that supports individual's right to request the government to unveil information.
http://homepage1.nifty.com/clearinghouse/


Citizen's Center for Open Information (情報公開市民センター)consults via e-mail for individuals who need to achieve information from government.
http://www.jkcc.gr.jp/


Hallo Work (不正経理)challenges the unfair accounting in government organizations.
http://www.pp.iij4u.or.jp/~era/


N System is the system of the Metropolitan Police Department to watch the whole nation on its TV cameras and computer system installed on the roads. The website challenges this system as a violation of articles 11, 13 and 22, declaring the rights concerning privacy and the freedom of transfer.
http://www.sakuragaoka.gr.jp/nsys/

N System News is published by the same group.



Education Issues

Fu-toko Shinbun(不登校新聞)tackles the increasing problem of fu-toko (refusing to go to school). This phenomenon is widely observed, ranging from elementary school kids to college students. It has become one of the most serious social problems in Japan. This site includes various materials that shed light on the issue in order to support the kids.
http://futoko.org/

Nan Book (Education Liberation)(教育解放研究会)consists of school teachers, university professors, and students, who investigate problems surrounding the education system.
http://web.nanbook.com/ffe/index.html

Children and Text Books Network, Japan observes the dangerous tendency of textbooks presenting children with the wrong information about Japanese history.
http://www.ne.jp/asahi/kyokasho/net21/
English
http://www.ne.jp/asahi/kyokasho/net21/english_contents.htm

Citizen's Center to Think about Text Books
http://www.h2.dion.ne.jp/~kyokasho/

Against the Text Book by the Tsukuru kai is a parents' organization that protests a particular right wing revisionism of history. A right wing scholars' group made a new history book that omitted Japan's wrong deeds during WWII and incited dangerous patriotism. It turned out that it was not adopted as a textbook, but still there are enduring challenges vis-a-vis textbooks.
http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/kyoukasyo/

Chronology of right wing's attack of textbook presents the whole history of the current right wing revisionism. It is made by a private journalist, Sumio Inoue.
http://www.jca.apc.org/~tomo/kyokasho/

Media and Culture

The Review of Contemporary Thought (現代思想), since its inauguration in 1973, has been playing a number of roles in introducing contemporary thought. One was the thematic presentation of Western currents, French Structuralism and Post-Structuralism in particular; two was a cultivation of Japanese contemporary thinkers; and the third was, as developed in the mid 1990s by the editor Yoshihiko Ikegami, involvement of the people who engage in struggles in different fronts. The issue below, entitled “Street Culture,” published in 1997, introduced new types of activism, some of which are listed in the above section of “contemporary movements”.


*Cyberaction commits itself to developing techniques for civic and social movements to use the Internet. It includes “the yellow pages of civil/social movements” that this list itself is heavily dependent upon.
http://wsf.miri.ne.jp/cyberaction/

JCA-NET (see the section of civic acts)
http://www.jca.apc.org/
English
http://www.jca.apc.org/index-en.html


*Alternative Mailing List Homepage consists of e-mail letters. One might say that it is an equivalent of <nettime>. By reading the letters exchanged in this site, one can have a glimpse of contemporary discourses in Japan. It is organized by a theorist and activist, Toshimaru Ogura.
http://www1.jca.apc.org/aml/index.html

Against Guideline of Online Ethics protests the government's censorship, inspection, and regulation of Internet.
http://www.toyama-u.ac.jp/~ogura/another_world/censor/netrin1.html

*Alternative Autonomous lane (AALA) is a copyright-free on-line magazine. Among e-magazines of the left, this seems to be the best in covering the concerns of both activism and theory. It published monthly issues from February 1998 to April 2001.
http://www.shonan-inet.or.jp/~kuri/aala/aala.html

*Mosakusha (模索舎)is a unique bookshop that has been selling pamphlets and hand-made publications of minor and radical groups since 1970. Their inventory covers the whole spectrum of Japanese contemporary social movements. It publishes a monthly catalogue of their inventory, which itself is worth reading, with nuanced introductions of new publications as well as interviews with theorists and activists. On the website one can read part of it.
http://mosakusha.com/

Yugeki Net (遊撃ネット)is an online bookshop that sells various types of ‘dangerous books'.
http://www.uranus.dti.ne.jp/~yuugeki/

Citizens for Responsible Media (Mekiki-net) problematizes the dangerous tendency of media to be assimilated to the state's policy of censorship and regulation.
http://www.jca.apc.org/mekiki/

Links concerning the ethics of internet and state's regulations is organized by the office of Tetsuo Noda at
Shimane University.
http://sula0013.soc.shimane-u.ac.jp/links/links06.html

Video Press professes that it practices media activism from an anti-war stance. Via Real Player, one can view various video footages of political concerns.
http://member.nifty.ne.jp/videopress/

Video Act says: “VIDEO ACT! was formally started on September 17, 1998 as an organization to support the spread and distribution of independent videos. We have 150 works, mainly documentaries dealing with social issues. In Japan, channels for distributing these works are still insufficient. Moreover, VIDEO ACT! is virtually the only project to dispatch information on independent videos to people overseas. We hope you may know the other reality of Japan which you can hardly get from the corporate media. At the same time, we can give you various information about video activism in Japan. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.”
http://www1.jca.apc.org/videoact/
English
http://www1.jca.apc.org/videoact/index-e.html

Committee for Showing “Sing Your Rage” Series (「怒りをうたえ」上映実行委員会)is an organization for showing independent documentaries of the crucial struggles of the postwar Japan. The site also includes essays and round table discussions on the struggles, which have been documented.
http://homepage2.nifty.com/ikariwoutae/

Against the Censorship at Toyama Museum reports the case of censorship at the museum: Nobuyuki Oura's series of ten paintings, entitled Enkin-o-kakaete [Holding Far and Near Sights] (「遠近を抱えて」), was exhibited at the museum in a group exhibition; among them, four works had been bought by the museum. But because a regional Newspaper disclaimed it as having uncomfortable depictions of the Emperor Hirohito, right wing organizations as well as major political parties began to attack the museum. Succumbing to the pressure, the museum director decided to remove the works as well as the group exhibition entirely. A legal suit that followed.
http://www.toyama-u.ac.jp/~ogura/another_world/toyakin/toyakin_intro.html

Taima (大麻)presents various aspects of the culture of using cannabis, including the uses in Japanese tradition.
http://www.taima.org/jp/main.htm

Cannabist Internet is a citizens' organization that insists on the lawfulness of using cannabis.
http://www.matsuri.net/cannabist/

Proletariat's Literature and Art Research Group (プロ研連)questions what is avant-garde and chases the trajectories of people who struggled by means of literature and art.
http://www.suiyokai.org/probun/index2.shtml

Cine Asssocie--Tsuchimoto Noriaki is a page of the filmmaker, who has been shooting documentaries of crucial struggles in Japan, including a series of the victims of Minamata disease.
http://www2.ocn.ne.jp/~tutimoto/